The African Commission ensures the protection of human and peoples’ rights in Africa, pursuant to Article 45 (2) of the African Charter. The protection mandate of the African Commission is largely composed of its Communication procedure, friendly settlement of disputes, fact-finding missions, urgent appeals and other activities of Special Rapporteurs and Working Groups. The African Commission also collaborates in its protective mandate with the African Court, which was established with the view to complement the work of the African Commission.