State Reporting Guidelines and Principles on Articles 21 And 24 of the African Charter relating to Extractive Industries, Human Rights and the Environment

Date entry into force
Date of Adoption

I. Introduction 

The extractive industry is a sector that has come to play an increasingly significant role in the economies of a growing number of African countries. despite its potential and, at times, actual contribution to improved living conditions of citizens, the extractive industries in many parts of the continent is fraught with major issues impacting on the environment and on the wellbeing of people living in their areas of operation. The lack of, or weak national regulatory regimes governing the role of the industry on the continent, as well as the sector’s inadequate observance of human and peoples’ rights and environmental and transparency standards have meant that the operations of extractive industries often result in various human and peoples’ rights issues. These human rights abuses include dispossession of land and accompanying displacement of people in the areas of new discoveries of gas, oil and minerals, weak or poorly beneficial terms of concession, environmental degradation affecting the livelihood and health of people living adjacent to these areas, violation of labour rights, lack of transparency about and egregious abuse by national actors of revenues received from the extractive industries and evasion of taxes.1Similarly, as experiences from various parts of the continent show, the extractive industry has contributed to or otherwise prolonged or exacerbated internal armed conflicts.

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