National Human Rights Institutions

NHRIs are statutory bodies established by governments in Africa and charged with the responsibility of promoting and protecting human rights institutions in their respective countries. The establishment and operations of this institution must conform to the UN Principles relating to the Status and Functioning of National Institution for the Protection and Promotion of Human Rights (Paris Principles).

Although the rights and obligations of affiliated NHRIs are similar in some respects to those of NGOs granted observer status, NHRIs are also required to assist the Commission in the promotion of the human rights at the country level. For instance, NHRIs have encouraged their countries to ratify human rights treaties. They have also played and continue to play a significant role in enhancing the protective and promotional activities of the Commission. Their contributions include raising awareness of the Commission’s activities.

NHRIs affiliated to the Commission are entitled to attend and participate in the Commission’s public sessions. Like NGOs, they are required to submit report on their activities to the Commission every two years.