Concluding Observations on the Combined 2nd and 3rd Periodic Report of the State of Eritrea, 2017-2020



1. The State of Eritrea (Eritrea) has been a State Party to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (the African Charter or the Charter), since 14 January 1999.

2. In 2017, Eritrea submitted its Initial National Report on the implementation of the African Charter covering the period 1999-2016. The Report was reviewed during the 62nd Ordinary Session of the African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights (The Commission), held in Nouakchott (Islamic Republic of Mauritania) from 25 April to 9 May 2018.

3. The related Concluding Observations were adopted at the 63rd Ordinary Session of the African Commission, held in Banjul (The Gambia) from 24 October to 13 November 2018.

4. The Commission takes note with appreciation of the participatory and inclusive process that led to the preparation of this Periodic Report (2017-2020), led by the National Coordinating Body (NCB) and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, involving ministries, departments and agencies of the Government.

5. The Commission notes that Eritrea has not ratified the Protocol to the African Charter on the Rights of Women in Africa (The Maputo Protocol)1, nor the African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa (The Kampala Convention).2

6. The present Report was reviewed on 29 October 2023, in the framework of the ACHPR 77th Ordinary Session, held in Arusha (The United Republic of Tanzania), from 20 October to 9 November 2023.

7. A Delegation from Eritrea, including Mr. Biniam Berhe, Chargé d’Affaires, and Mr. Sherif Omer, First-Secretary, at the Embassy of the State of Eritrea to the Federal Republic of Ethiopia and Permanent Mission to the African Union and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, attended the review3.

8. The Commission expresses its appreciations for the presentation of the Report by the Delegation of Eritrea, followed by a constructive dialogue.

9. The Eritrean Delegation informed that all the replies to the questions raised during the review will be sent in a written contribution.